What Is Financial Structure?

Financial structure refers to the mix of debt and equity that a company uses to finance its operations. This composition directly affects the risk and value of the associated business. The financial managers of the business have the responsibility of deciding the best mixture of debt and equity for optimizing the financial structure.

去年年末,世界卫生组织宣布,寨卡病毒不再是全球紧急公共卫生事件。然而,人们才刚刚开始认识到这种病毒对婴儿及其未来几十年生活的影响。在巴西东北部,人们首次发现了病毒与小头畸形等出生缺陷之间的联系,家庭竭力为患病婴儿提供最好的生活。研究人员希望通过研究在巴西出生的一对双胞胎,来寻找病毒对胎儿影响的线索。这对双胞胎中,一个有出生缺陷,另一个没有。
2016年上榜的全球十亿美元级富豪共计1810名,位居次席的是Zara创始人阿曼西奥·奥特加,商界巨擘沃伦·巴菲特紧随其后,埃卢则是位居本榜单的第四名。
Technically it is a project of the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations to bring all of its trade deals in the region under one umbrella. It also lacks the ambition on many fronts of the TPP.
v. 施压

Understanding Financial Structure

Companies have several choices when it comes to setting up the business structure of their business. Companies can be either private or public. In each case, the framework for managing the capital structure is primarily the same but the financing options differ greatly.

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1.和平年代
[.?ndi'nai?bl]
詹妮弗劳伦斯也凭借她在《奋斗的乔伊》中的表演喜获最佳女主角奖项。
2012年,谷歌发明了谷歌眼镜,一台你能戴在你脸上的电脑。在街上行走或者进行每天的任务的时候戴着它,可以同步看一些覆盖在眼镜上的日程会议,短信及地铁警戒等信息。戴着它行走的时候,可以用它们打视频电话,甚至把直播视频上传到网络,这一切都不需要动手。谷歌眼镜可能挺酷的,挺新颖,还有创新性,但是它绝对不是第一副可佩戴的电脑眼镜。
还有几种汽车品牌名称也跻身榜单前50,包括ferrari(法拉利)和mercedes(梅赛德斯)等等。
但是更让人兴奋的是,魔术师约翰逊是一个人脉广泛且备受尊敬的名人堂球员,他看起来也能知人善任,新经理罗布-佩林卡是一个老谋深算的交易者,他在联盟人脉也很广。

Private versus Public

Private and public companies have the same framework for developing their structure but several differences that distinguish the two. Both types of companies can issue equity. Private equity is created and offered using the same concepts as public equity but private equity is only available to select investors rather than the public market on a stock exchange. As such the equity fundraising process is much different than a formal initial public offering (IPO). Private companies can also go through multiple rounds of equity financing over time which affects their market valuation. Companies that mature and choose to issue shares in the public market do so through the support of an investment bank that helps them to pre-market the offering and value the initial shares. All shareholders are converted to public shareholders after an IPO and the market capitalization of the company is then valued based on shares outstanding times market price.

This elegant, informative and borderline beautiful sentence is a reminder that despite the horrific nature of the entries below, clarity remains attainable.
[in'fekn]
n. 潜力,潜能China's consumer price inflation decelerated to just 1.3 per cent year-on-year last month, the slowest rate since May. On a month-to-month basis inflation fell by 0.3 per cent, the first negative reading since May.
我们再来看看名单里一些其他的亮点:
卷铺走人的时候
stre力量,ngthen-加强力量
['delikit]
《皮囊之下》就是如此的直观如此的自由不羁,抛开欢快,离奇的剧情和电影本身的情色——一切都处于黑暗中,摧毁性的性爱中。它是一种力量,在你的皮囊之下。
allure

Debt versus Equity

得益于网络游戏产业的快速增长,网易公司创始人丁磊的财富翻倍至960亿元,超越了百度公司董事长李彦宏,在IT富豪榜上排名第三。
6. A brand new human organ has been classified. Researchers have given the nod to the mesentery - an organ that's been hiding in plain sight in our digestive system this whole time. But that's only half the story, because we're still not sure exactly what it does.
"It's a goal that's right here and now and it's something that we want to experience," Curry said. "It'd be a huge accomplishment because doing something that hasn't been done in the history of the league is special. You never know if this opportunity will come back again. There are so many variables that go into winning this many in a row, especially the start of the season."
[k?n'tr?ul]
勉强会。民主党将在11月中期选举中重新赢得对众议院的控制权。尽管他们要到2019年1月才能掌控众议院,但他们将马上开始为众议院司法委员会(House Judiciary)启动弹劾做文书方面的准备。特朗普将称此举为“政治迫害”。但在特朗普怪诞的总统任期又持续了一年之后,民主党将几乎不可避免地展开造势活动,誓要让特朗普承担责任。在此之前,无论罗伯特米勒(Robert Mueller)的调查发现了什么,都不可能让足够多的共和党人倒戈反对特朗普。
有些人仍坚持一种可称为“资源稀缺”的理论。该理论的核心是,资源开发遵循线性模式,低成本的资源最先被开发,也就是说,未来大部分乃至全部开发活动的成本一定会更高。遗憾的是,行业发展历史并不支持这一观点。过去几十年的经验表明,情况正相反。

Overall, financial managers consider and evaluate the capital structure by seeking to optimize the 产业思考:涂料涂装VOCs减排形势与趋势分析 (WACC). WACC is a calculation that derives the average percentage of payout required by the company to its investors for all of its capital. A simplified determination of WACC is calculated by using a weighted average methodology that combines the payout rates of all of the company’s debt and equity capital.

Metrics for Analyzing Financial Structure

“LBS has broadened my profession horizons and opened international career opportunities,” said one graduate. He added: “In the three years after graduation I have worked in the US, Canada and Hong Kong, while rotating in different businesses from corporate banking to debt capitalmarkets”.
一种全新的器官被归类了。研究人员同意为肠系膜归类,这种器官显然一直隐藏在我们的消化系统中。但这只是其中的一方面,因为我们还不确定它到底是什么。
That comes in spite of official figures released on Tuesday showing China’s exports had contracted for a second straight month in October, suggesting domestic demand is the main driver of price gains for producers.
《权力的游戏》不仅是秋季剧中下载次数最多的美剧,还是全年美剧下载之王。数据统计,使用非法下载方式来观看这部剧的人比用电视看的人还要多得多。
Song “Chinese Zodiac” (Lee-Hom Wang)
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说到这一点,你要注意的是,不要影响其他的人。没有人想每隔十分钟就听到你提问一次。如果你实在是不懂的话,可以在课后约上老师再讨论。

Data for calculating capital structure metrics usually come from the balance sheet. A primary metric used in evaluating financial structure is a debt to total capital. This provides quick insight on how much of the company’s capital is debt and how much is equity. Debt may include all of the liabilities on a company’s balance sheet or just long-term debt. Equity is found in the shareholders’ equity portion of the balance sheet. Overall, the higher the debt to capital ratio the more a company is relying on debt.

adj. 准确的,精确的
Over the next few years, large residential buildings will have to comply with Local Law 87, which requires them to audit energy usage and keep systems running at peak efficiency. Residential buildings are the city’s largest source of greenhouse gas emissions, accounting for 37 percent of the total. “The one hot-button topic is energy. How do buildings become more energy efficient?” said Dan Wurtzel, the president of FirstService Residential New York, which manages more than 500 properties. “If a third of your operating budget is related to energy and you can now reduce that cost, you can take pressure off the need for a maintenance increase.”

Key Takeaways

  • "A total of 297 projects will be carried out in Tongzhou, such as building new subway lines and expressways, and improving ecologies," Lu Yan, director of the Beijing Municipal Commission of Development and Reform, said at a news conference on Wednesday.
    紧缩政策促使一些企业寻求其他融资方案,比如债券或在全国中小企业股份转让系统上市。
  • [.p?pju'lein]
    intelligence
  • 随着北京方面采取的资本管制对海外收购交易起到抑制作用,1月份中国企业对海外房地产业的投资额比上年同期下降了84%。
  • 4. gam / n . <俚> (尤指美丽女子的) 腿。